HIV/AIDS

HIV/AIDS
The Issue

Over the last 15 years, there has been great progress in combating HIV/AIDS. AIDS-related deaths have dropped by 51 percent since the epidemic peaked in 2004. Over 21 million people living with HIV now receive the treatment they need to make the disease a chronic illness rather than a death sentence. However, there are still almost two million new infections every year, and of the 1.8 million children living with HIV globally, only half are on treatment.

Antiretroviral therapy (ART) is one of the most effective tools used against the virus and new drugs provide both adults and children with cheaper, less toxic, and more effective options, achieving faster viral suppression with fewer side effects. But ensuring access to the best ART regimens can be challenging, especially for children. Even when patients do begin ART, staying on treatment can be difficult. Bringing the HIV epidemic under control is within reach, but smart, targeted approaches are needed to break the cycle of infection.

CHAI's Approach

CHAI works with government and donor partners to test smart, treat right, and ensure those who are not infected with HIV stay negative. We work with the public and private sector to make high-quality and effective first- and second-line treatments more affordable. We also support national pediatric programs to introduce better HIV products for children. Along with our partners, we are introducing new models of care that make it easier for people to stay on treatment. To prevent new infections and stop the spread of the disease, we are working with countries to introduce proven interventions, such as voluntary medical male circumcision, which reduces the risk of heterosexually-acquired HIV infection in men by 60 percent; and in areas of high virus concentration, oral pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP), an anti-HIV medication given to HIV-negative individuals to protect them from contracting the virus.

Results
19.5M
people living with HIV were receiving ART by the end of 2016, a 153% increase since 2010
US$75
per patient, per year for the first-line treatment TLD
920K
children on HIV treatment globally
Spotlight

HIV program provides foundation for CHAI approach to tuberculosis

Our Work

May 31, 2022

Watch: CHAI examines latest trends in HIV market in low- and middle-income countries

Webinar examines results of CHAI's 2022 HIV Mid-Year Market Memo

Introducing the sixth edition of CHAI’s HIV Mid-Year Market Memo, a brief that covers the latest trends in the HIV space in low- and middle-income countries since the publication of CHAI’s annual HIV Market Report in September 2021.

Read More

January 20, 2022

Zimbabwe study demonstrates the value of point-of-care viral load testing for pregnant women living with HIV

CHAI supported the government of Zimbabwe to conduct a study published in the AIDS journal to examine whether the use of point-of-care (POC) VL testing at health facilities during pregnancy improved HIV viral suppression at delivery.

Read More

December 13, 2021

Despite COVID-19: The pandemic’s impact on global health in 2021

As we revisit several of our most popular pieces of content from 2021, we focus not only on the challenges the pandemic has caused health programs across our partner countries, but also the resilience that our partners have shown in their response.

Read More
A mother in a yellow dress smiles down at her baby, who is bundled in blankets. She sits across from a doctor at a desk with a computer.

November 30, 2021

Four advances for people living with HIV in 2021 

On World AIDS Day, we reflect on the growing inequalities in access to essential HIV services that many countries face - and work being done to close the gap.

On World AIDS Day, we reflect on the growing inequalities in access to essential HIV services that many countries face - and work being done to close the gap.

Read More

May 31, 2022

Watch: CHAI examines latest trends in HIV market in low- and middle-income countries

Webinar examines results of CHAI's 2022 HIV Mid-Year Market Memo

Introducing the sixth edition of CHAI’s HIV Mid-Year Market Memo, a brief that covers the latest trends in the HIV space in low- and middle-income countries since the publication of CHAI’s annual HIV Market Report in September 2021.

Read More

January 20, 2022

Zimbabwe study demonstrates the value of point-of-care viral load testing for pregnant women living with HIV

CHAI supported the government of Zimbabwe to conduct a study published in the AIDS journal to examine whether the use of point-of-care (POC) VL testing at health facilities during pregnancy improved HIV viral suppression at delivery.

Read More

December 13, 2021

Despite COVID-19: The pandemic’s impact on global health in 2021

As we revisit several of our most popular pieces of content from 2021, we focus not only on the challenges the pandemic has caused health programs across our partner countries, but also the resilience that our partners have shown in their response.

Read More
A mother in a yellow dress smiles down at her baby, who is bundled in blankets. She sits across from a doctor at a desk with a computer.

November 30, 2021

Four advances for people living with HIV in 2021 

On World AIDS Day, we reflect on the growing inequalities in access to essential HIV services that many countries face - and work being done to close the gap.

On World AIDS Day, we reflect on the growing inequalities in access to essential HIV services that many countries face - and work being done to close the gap.

Read More

Join Our Team

CHAI is looking for dynamic and self-motivated individuals who are committed to strengthening health systems around the world and expanding access to care and treatment of HIV/AIDS, malaria, and other illnesses.

View All CHAI Positions View Program Positions

Join Our Team

CHAI is looking for dynamic and self-motivated individuals who are committed to strengthening health systems around the world and expanding access to care and treatment of HIV/AIDS, malaria, and other illnesses.

View All CHAI Positions View Program Positions