OXYGEN

THERAPY

Oxygen Therapy
The Issue
Low blood oxygen, or hypoxemia, is a life-threatening complication of many illnesses such as pneumonia and malaria, as well as preterm birth, surgery, labor and delivery, and other conditions. Hypoxemia contributes to over a million preventable deaths in low-income countries every year. Providing concentrated medical oxygen, known as oxygen therapy, can prevent many of these deaths. But treatment in low-income countries is often limited by poor hypoxemia diagnosis and unreliable oxygen supplies, due to high prices and weak maintenance systems. Pulse oximeters, simple handheld devices that measure blood oxygen saturation to identify which patients need oxygen, aren’t available in over 90 percent of facilities, and fewer than half of all facilities have access to oxygen.
CHAI's Approach
CHAI is working to expand access to medical oxygen in five countries with the highest rates of mortality for pediatric pneumonia – India, Nigeria, Ethiopia, Kenya, and Uganda – with an emphasis on vulnerable groups such as newborns and children. In addition, we support governments and health administrators to improve hypoxemia screening, through training and access to critical tools like pulse oximeters, and in reforming national policies and financing to sustain these improvements. By driving better hypoxemia management in just these five countries, we can prevent 40,000 deaths every year, and cut hypoxemia-related deaths in half by 2025.

Meet the team leading our oxygen work.
Results
3x
increase in oxygen administered to hypoxemic children in 30 hospitals in Northern Nigeria
62%
reduction in cost of pulse oximeters in Kenya
100%
hypoxemic children in Ethiopia who received oxygen at 12 health centers equipped with pulse oximeters
8x
increase in pulse oximetry screening in Madhya Pradesh, India
Our Work

September 23, 2021

Increasing medical oxygen supply to hospitals in Zambia

Collaboration will improve medical oxygen supply in the country

CHAI and AFROX Zambia are helping the government of Zambia improve the availability of medical oxygen in the country, while also building a framework for local contractual agreements that could form the basis of longer-term purchasing deals by governments and global agencies that fund access to medical oxygen to avoid supply shortages.

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A man checks the equipment at the oxygen plant at Infectious Disease Hospital Yaba, Lagos, Nigeria.

June 15, 2021

Unprecedented cooperation with global oxygen suppliers paves way to increase access for low- and middle-income countries to address COVID-19 crisis

Agreement brokered by Unitaid and CHAI under the COVID-19 Oxygen Emergency Taskforce sees two of the world’s largest medical oxygen suppliers each collaborate with these ACT-Accelerator partners on increased access to oxygen.

Read More

March 11, 2021

Watch: Global health leaders discuss global oxygen shortages

Global health experts discuss importance of oxygen in saving lives, how the COVID-19 pandemic is widening gaps in access, and steps that can be taken to ensure oxygen is sustainably available in low- and middle-income countries.

Read More

March 4, 2021

President Bill Clinton to moderate discussion with experts on need for equitable global access to medical oxygen  

The panel will discuss how oxygen can save lives, how the COVID-19 pandemic is widening gaps in access, and steps that can be taken to ensure oxygen is available in low- and middle-income countries. Panelists include Dr. Anthony S. Fauci, Dr. John Nkengasong, and Ms. Joy Phumaphi.

Read More

September 23, 2021

Increasing medical oxygen supply to hospitals in Zambia

Collaboration will improve medical oxygen supply in the country

CHAI and AFROX Zambia are helping the government of Zambia improve the availability of medical oxygen in the country, while also building a framework for local contractual agreements that could form the basis of longer-term purchasing deals by governments and global agencies that fund access to medical oxygen to avoid supply shortages.

Read More
A man checks the equipment at the oxygen plant at Infectious Disease Hospital Yaba, Lagos, Nigeria.

June 15, 2021

Unprecedented cooperation with global oxygen suppliers paves way to increase access for low- and middle-income countries to address COVID-19 crisis

Agreement brokered by Unitaid and CHAI under the COVID-19 Oxygen Emergency Taskforce sees two of the world’s largest medical oxygen suppliers each collaborate with these ACT-Accelerator partners on increased access to oxygen.

Read More

March 11, 2021

Watch: Global health leaders discuss global oxygen shortages

Global health experts discuss importance of oxygen in saving lives, how the COVID-19 pandemic is widening gaps in access, and steps that can be taken to ensure oxygen is sustainably available in low- and middle-income countries.

Read More

March 4, 2021

President Bill Clinton to moderate discussion with experts on need for equitable global access to medical oxygen  

The panel will discuss how oxygen can save lives, how the COVID-19 pandemic is widening gaps in access, and steps that can be taken to ensure oxygen is available in low- and middle-income countries. Panelists include Dr. Anthony S. Fauci, Dr. John Nkengasong, and Ms. Joy Phumaphi.

Read More
Spotlight

CHAI works with Nigeria to #StopPneumonia in its tracks

Investing in oxygen to respond to COVID-19 now – and build stronger delivery systems in the future

Join the Team

CHAI is looking for dynamic and self-motivated individuals who are committed to strengthening health systems around the world and expanding access to care and treatment of HIV/AIDS, malaria, and other illnesses.

View All CHAI Positions View Program Positions

Join the Team

CHAI is looking for dynamic and self-motivated individuals who are committed to strengthening health systems around the world and expanding access to care and treatment of HIV/AIDS, malaria, and other illnesses.

View All CHAI Positions View Program Positions