CHAI began working with the government of Cambodia in 2005 to reduce HIV by introducing better treatment for adults and children and eliminating mother-to-child transmission. The country recently adopted dolutegravir (DTG) as a new HIV treatment regimen that is more affordable and has fewer side effects than other drugs. The Ministry of Health has also adopted a roadmap to secure World Health Organization (WHO) validation of elimination of mother-to-child transmission of HIV and syphilis, and we are helping to introduce and scale up a short-course preventative therapy for tuberculosis (TB).
CHAI is also supporting the Ministry to eliminate malaria and address multi-drug resistance. We are working closely with the National Center for Parasitology, Entomolgy, and Malaria Control (CNM) at the central level and in four provinces to develop robust surveillance systems, increase access to quality case management services, and strengthen capacity on grant and financial management. We are also helping to target high-risk groups, such as migrant and mobile populations, to reduce the malaria burden in endemic provinces, and are helping to save the lives of women through improved access to lifesaving reproductive health care, including contraception.